Recently, there is a more interesting thing.
A few days ago, Richard M. Stallman (Charlie Stallman) announced in the video that he would return to the FSF (Free Software Foundation) that he founded 35 years ago and hope to lead the FSF again.
You may not know this old man with white beard. This buddy is the father of free software. To some extent, everyone benefits from his creation.
In the current Internet world,
there are so many commercial companies and programmers who selflessly open source their code for everyone to learn and watch, which is largely due to him.
However, it was such a big man who wanted to return to the company he founded but was jointly boycotted.
More than 2500 people and 41 organizations signed an open letter requesting the removal of all positions in RMS and the resignation of the entire FSF board of directors that allowed him to return.
The life story of the boss is really more exciting than the TV series. . .
Today, I will tell you about Richard’s story.
Charles was born in New York in 1953. There is nothing remarkable in the early part of his life, just a mediocre comparison. . .
As a volunteer laboratory assistant in the Department of Biology at Rockefeller University, the professor praised him as a biologist in the future.
The university passed the entrance exam to Harvard, and the freshman got a very good grade in Math 55, which was officially claimed by Harvard as “the most difficult undergraduate mathematics course in the United States.” . .
This is the description of this course on the official website of Harvard University (2007)▼
In 1974, this buddy graduated from Harvard with honors and received a bachelor’s
degree in physics.
At the same time, Richard University is still working as a programmer in MIT’s artificial intelligence laboratory, and his level is quite good.
When Bill Gates, Richard’s Harvard elementary school brother, just dropped out of school to start his own business, the Emacs editor that Richard and his lab colleagues worked together became popular at MIT.
Richard later wrote GNUEmacs ▼
Richard at this time also likes to bounce around in the hacker community.
Nowadays, hackers usually refer to those who “destroy computer programs” or “drill program loopholes”, but at that time hackers were more like “computer lunatics”: people who like to explore the details of programmable systems and continue to optimize them.
At that time, the computer industry atmosphere was not the same as it is now. Free copying and open source code were the mainstream at that time.
If you want to optimize a certain piece of software, find its source code (most likely to be open), and then change it yourself! Such a free atmosphere has created a lot of successful software, such as Unix ~
But things quickly took a turn for the worse.
In 1976, Richard’s younger brother Gates, who dropped out of school to start a business, found that the sales of software were not right, so he wrote an open letter condemning piracy, to the effect that software is also a commodity and should be sold for a fee; source code is the core of software. Confidential, should enjoy copyright and keep confidential.
When the company and programmer heard it, it makes sense! If you have money, you don’t make money. . .
Commercialization has swept the entire software industry, talented programmers have been put into the arms of the market, and software like Unix that has been created by a free atmosphere has also been protected by the company.
In the past, Unix would give the source code to universities and other research institutions at a very low price or even for free. Now, not only has the authorization been stopped, but also the copyright of the previous Unix and its variants has been declared.
In this case, “computer lunatics” can no longer learn, modify, and distribute software freely.
If ordinary people face this kind of thing, they must forget it, and keep up with the times to “combine with each other.”
But true geniuses (part-time lunatics) will not succumb to reality. Richard decided to hang on again, thus changing the world of computers.
This dense little head ▼
Don’t you want to privatize?
Don’t you want to play by yourself?
Then I will make a set of things myself, and then open up the whole thing!
Richard wrote a Unix-compatible, free operating system, named GNU, which is a recursive abbreviation of “GNU’s Not Unix”, and established a complete set of free ecosystems,
such as software.
Under his “free” ecosystem, users can run, copy, publish, research, modify, and improve programs. In short, they have 100% control.
As a bigwig, Richard called on many hackers at the time to join this project, founded the FSF (Free Software Foundation), and hired a group of people to do things.
the power a person can initiate is ultimately limited. .
So Charlie created a “virus”, the GPL agreement.
This thing is a kind of open source agreement, in simple terms: the code under the GPL agreement, you feel useful to use it, but the software you release on this basis, the code must also be public, not confidential.
Under this rule, GPL will freely infect every corner of the Internet.
As a result, some people ridicule that sooner or later RMS will make Coca-Cola publish their formula under the GPL agreement. . .
Everything is beautiful, except Richard has never written a core that he is satisfied with.
Until Linus Benedict Torvalds wrote Linux, and put it on the Internet to let people use it casually.
A penguin with hands on feet▼
After Richard found out,
he was quite excited, so he found Linus and invited him to join his free software industry.
In this way, GNU and the ecology of GNU plus the ecology of Linux constitute a modern operating system: GNU/Linux.
GNU official website will emphasize that Linux is a wrong name▼
Although most people only know Linux and don’t know GNU, most of the software on the Linux system comes from GNU.
You may think that these have nothing to do with us ordinary people.
Now, the big manufacturers we are familiar with, such as Xiaomi, Huawei, ZTE, and Meizu, have all used the code under the GPL agreement, and the power of open source has reached every user through their products.
Each of us has benefited more or less, but we may not know it.
Some of Xiaomi’s open source code▼
Seeing this, you might feel that this buddy has fully realized his pursuit of freedom. . .
However, the freedom he wants is different from what you think.
For complete freedom, the programmer even used a Loongson notebook many years ago.
It is said to be the Loongson 2F ▼
The performance of this notebook and the display screen are outdated, but even the BIOS is open source, and Richard is holding it and preaching everywhere.
In short, only 100% can be controlled by him is true freedom.
Based on the pursuit of true freedom, Richard made some peculiar remarks on brain circuits.
For example, he said, e-books are very dangerous things. . .
Because service providers can remotely delete e-books through the backdoor, they can perform any operation on the user through the backdoor.
He said that online translation sites violated human freedom. . .
Because the user needs to transmit the text to the website server to enjoy the translation, the translation work is under the control of the website operator.
Original official website▼
According to this logic, then you must never go to a restaurant,
because your meal will be under the control of others,
and don’t take a taxi or take the subway, because you have put your life in the hands of others.
He said that pedophilia, incest, and necrophilia should all be protected. . .
Because this is human freedom, there can be no prejudice against it.
Of course individuals should enjoy freedom, but individual freedom should not be anti-human freedom.
Human society has progressed to a civilized society, brother.
After reading his erroneous and extreme remarks,
the bad reviewer understood why this buddy was boycotted by thousands of people.
Go ahead and do your
“God Stick” career. . .
Richard created a religion that opposed VI (the predecessor of Emacs’ competitor vim),
called VI a curse, and asked everyone to use the free version of VI, saying that this was their religious confession. . .
And call himself the Son of the Emacs Church (similar to the Christian Jesus).
He spread the “Gospel” in preaching everywhere, and he said “I bless your computer, my child.”
Appeared in the image of the Son (the head looks like a compact disc)▼
As well as picking their feet in public lectures, and collecting garbage smoothly. . .
The bad reviewer seems to know why the Linux penguin has to put his hands on his feet. . .
it is such an extreme man who makes all kinds of inappropriate remarks
and is still regarded as a role model by many people.
Of course we should thank him, because open source software directly or indirectly affects us,
and all of this is inseparable from his efforts.
But merit can never conceal his mistakes,
nor can he conceal his inappropriate remarks.
He is a genius, top hacker, father of free software, and a man full of bugs.